Look for high elevation wines for the best quality.  U.S. producers make wine in styles that range from late harvest dessert wines, rosés (White Zinfandel) and Beaujolais-style light reds to big hearty reds and fortified wine in the style of port. Remember that the fermentation process … Thankfully, there are some good sweet red wines … In 1972, Bob Trinchero of the Sutter Home Winery decided to try draining some juice from the vats in order to impart more tannins and color to his Deaver Vineyard Zinfandel. As a culture, we are used to drinking sweetened drinks from an early age. , Old vine Zinfandel plantings dating from the 1930s have been found in Baja California, Mexico. , Prince and other nurserymen such as Frederick W. Macondray (future son in law of Faxon Atherton), joined the California Gold Rush in the 1850s, and took Zinfandel with them. Remember that the fermentation process takes the naturally occurring sugars in the grape and converts them into alcohol with the help of yeast. The following brands make reliably good zinfandels and are widely available: Freelance writer and wine expert, author of ""Idiots Guides: Wine""; as well as several magazine and online articles. , The grapes exhibit an uneven pattern of ripening: a single bunch may contain both raisin-like, over-ripe grapes and green, unripened grapes. , This Croatian vineyard contained just nine Crljenak Kaštelanski vines mixed with thousands of other vines.  The main three DOC areas are Primitivo di Manduria, Gioia del Colle Primitivo (Riserva) and Falerno del Massico Primitivo (Riserva o Vecchio). California- A refreshing White Zinfandel that delivers ripe notes of strawberries, melon, and raspberries.  The first Croatian ZPC wine was made by Edi Maletić in 2005.  This Crljenak Kaštelanski ("Kaštela Red") appears to represent Primitivo/Zinfandel in its original home, although some genetic divergence may have occurred since their separation. Since rosé’s contact with the grape skins is shorter, its color is lighter. There's a reason why this one's a best seller: Like a lot of other rosés it's not too sweet and I can personally say that it's so damn refreshing on a hot summer day. Red wines have tannin which makes wines taste less sweet than they actually are. Incredibly popular and delicious, Zinfandel wines are perfect for a host of fun gatherings. White Zinfandel is actually a pale rose-color wine made from the Zinfandel grape that produces Red Zinfandel. It lacks the bitterness of traditional red wine but also the complexity, making it a favorite among novice wine drinkers.  The other parent of Plavac Mali was determined by Ivan Pejić and Edi Maletić (University of Zagreb) to be Dobričić, an ancient variety from the Adriatic island of Šolta. The term is commonly used to refer to the absence of sweetness, and most table wines wines are technically dry in that they lack the residual sugar that makes dessert wines sweet. The light sweetness in red zinfandel also works nicely with fragrant spiced dishes such as beef rendang curry. Drinkers may find it more refreshing than Pink Moscatos or other very sweet dessert wines. Serve zinfandel in a red wine glass at cellar temperature (60 to 68 degrees Fahrenheit). The wine is not austere but is restrained with aromas of dark red fruit, such as blackberry, raspberry, cherry and plum, and sweet baking spices.  White Zinfandel still accounts for 9.9% of U.S. wine sales by volume (6.3% by value), six times the sales of red Zinfandel. "Primitivo" redirects here. Slightly Sweet red wines are often red wine blends, such as Apothic Red, Cupcake Vineyards Red Velvet, and others. The European Union recognized Zinfandel as a synonym for Primitivo in January 1999, meaning that Italian Primitivos can be labelled as Zinfandel in the United States and any other country that recognises EU labelling laws. Jumping directly into a dry, complex red wine may be too much at first. These varieties were almost entirely wiped out, however, by the phylloxera epidemic of the late 19th century, eventually reducing Zinfandel to just nine vines of locally-known "Crljenak Kaštelanski" discovered in 2001 on the Dalmatian coast of Croatia. A moderately sweet pink wine, White Zinfandel features a sweet lineup of flavors like cotton candy, berry and melon. Typically, the amount of residual sugar in a wine will determine a wine's level of sweetness. Dear Dr. Vinny, You've said before that the difference between Zinfandel and "white Zinfandel" isn't that red and white are blended, but that the grapes simply get limited exposure to the skins: “Red grapes made with white wine practices.” How then, is pink Zinfandel so much lighter, fruity and sweet, whereas a true Zinfandel … The Zinfandel grape is now grown in regions around the world, but is particularly popular in California. Winemakers Tobin James and Lance Silver have honed in on the style of the rich vineyards of Paso Robles, Calif. with this sweet and spicy zinfandel. Zinfandel is not an Italian grape, though it is planted in Italy and known as Primativo. In 1972, one British wine writer wrote, "there is a fascinating Californian grape, the zinfandel, said to have come from Hungary, but apparently a cépage now unknown there. This extensively laborious practice is one component in the high cost of some Zinfandels. Since rosé’s contact with the grape skins is shorter, its color is lighter. Winemaking is a complex craft that requires much more explanation than is practical to dive into here. The grapes grown to make White Zinfandel come from California’s Central Valley and are grown specifically to make the semi-sweet, pink wine. Old vine zinfandels are red wines made from grapevines over 50 years old. Port is a Portuguese fortified wine, which means distilled grape spirit is added to the wine mid … White Zinfandel is much sweeter than other rosé wines because it lacks some of the dryness found in its other pink counterparts. It is quite a sweet … White Zinfandel is an off dry to sweet, pink-colored white wine which was invented by Sutter Home Family Vineyards winemaker Bob Trinchero in 1948. Zinfandel is typically grown in the summer and harvested as early as mid-August or well into fall, often called a "late harvest" zin. So Many Choices. The Quivira Dry Creek Zinfandel is a red Zinfandel made by a Pinot Noir winemaker.  Just as Mateus Rosé had become a huge success in Europe after World War II, this medium sweet White Zinfandel became immensely popular. California. Port. White Zinfandel had a long run in the United States as one of the most widely consumed wines.  Others also made the connection about that time.  There are also small Zinfandel plantings in Western Australia, Mudgee in New South Wales  and the McLaren Vale area of South Australia. White Zinfandel is a category of wine that was created in 1972 and surged in … Originally the result of a stuck fermentation and fortuitous accident, White Zinfandel is made from the Zinfandel wine grape, which would otherwise produce a bold and spicy red wine.As of 2018, Sutter Home White Zinfandel … These are affordable red wine blends, usually from California, and they have some residual sweetness in them. 1. Premium Wine & Spirits 7980 Transit Road, Williamsville, NY 14221 Call Us: 716-565-3020  George Gibbs, a horticulturist on Long Island, received shipments of grapes from Schönbrunn and elsewhere in Europe between 1820 and 1829. While most vineyards are now fully segregated, California winemakers continue to use other grapes (particularly Petite Sirah) in their Zinfandel wines. Sweet things: Sweet wines make sweet sauces like teriyaki or other Asian sauces with sugar, honey, or tamarind taste extra good. White Zinfandel is made from the Zinfandel wine grape, which would otherwise produce a bold and spicy red wine.As such, it is not a grape variety but a method of processing Zinfandel grapes.  There is high demand for red grapes in the country, and the government has been supportive of ongoing research. Winemaking is a complex craft that requires much more explanation than is practical to dive into here. By Nessa C. Hesperia , CA. White Zinfandel It’s easy fooled by the word “white” in the title, but pink wine lovers take note: this wine is definitely a sweet rosé.  However, in 1975, Trinchero's wine experienced a stuck fermentation, a problem in which the yeast dies off before all the sugar is converted to alcohol. Zinfandel was not brought to California by Colonel Agoston Haraszthy. " In 1974 and 1981, American wine writers described it as "a California original, grown nowhere else" and "California's own red grape".. 570 reviews.  Most white Zinfandel is made from grapes grown for that purpose in California's Central Valley. , By 1835 Charles M. Hovey, Boston’s leading nurseryman, was recommending "Zinfindal" as a table grape, and it was soon widely grown in heated greenhouses for the production of table grapes as early as June. In fact, "dessert wine" is a category of extra-sweet wines … These are prized for their intense color and balanced flavors and often fetch a high price. As of December 2007, the TTB lists both Zinfandel and Primitivo as approved grape varieties for American wines, but they are not listed as synonyms; U.S. producers, therefore, must label a wine according to whether it is Zinfandel or Primitivo. Follow these simple steps when tasting wine to ensure you have the best experience: Zinfandel is one of the most popular wine grapes grown in California and is especially popular in northern California and the central coast. Cultivation of the vine subsequently spread to the Mediterraneanand surrounding regions. Zinfandel was first made into a ros wine in 1869 by the El Pinal Winery in Lodi, California.  The grape's high sugar content can be fermented into levels of alcohol exceeding 15 percent.. But making a claim like that isn’t actually accurate, because White Zinfandel is a rosé, just a sweet version of one, so saying you hate one but love the other is …  Falerno requires a minimum of 85% Primitivo; the others are 100% Primitivo. The mystery around it has been solved. Old vines grapes are almost exclusively used to make red zinfandel. White Zinfandel It’s easy fooled by the word “white” in the title, but pink wine lovers take note: this wine is definitely a sweet rosé. I don’t drink alot If I do I like a sweet wine and barefoot Zinfandel is sweet and affordable. Sparkling Shiraz.  DNA analysis has revealed that it is genetically equivalent to the Croatian grapes Crljenak Kaštelanski and Tribidrag, as well as to the Primitivo variety traditionally grown in Apulia (the "heel" of Italy), where it was introduced in the 18th century. Red zinfandel is often easy to find in grocery stores, wine shops, and liquor stores.  Comparative field trials have found that "Primitivo selections were generally superior to those of Zinfandel, having earlier fruit maturity, similar or higher yield, and similar or lower bunch rot susceptibility. White zinfandel, which is a sweet wine with a bitter aftertaste, has largely been replaced by moscato as the more popular sweet white to drink, but pinot grigio is drier. Originally the result of a stuck fermentation and fortuitous accident, White Zinfandel is made from the Zinfandel wine grape, which would otherwise produce a bold and spicy red wine. Its wines are reputed to have more blackberry and spice flavors. Zinfandel is is a black colored wine grape that is believed to originate from Croatia. Zinfandel was not brought to California by Colonel Agoston Haraszthy. White zins tend to be lightly sweet with flavors of strawberry, cherry, and citrus. For many people new to wine, sweet red wines are a great entry point. Archaeological evidence indicates that domestication of Vitis vinifera occurred in the Caucasus region around 6000 BCE, and winemaking was discovered shortly after that. Decant red zin for an hour for the most balanced flavor. Best Sweet Red Wines. This is a wine that is refreshing and fun to drink! I don’t drink alot If I do I like a sweet wine and barefoot Zinfandel is sweet and affordable. The pink wine goes for about $5 to $10 a bottle. The Zinfandel grape as a red wine produces high alcohol, jammy, peppery wines, usually from late ripening. Zinfandel is one grape, but not one wine.. It is not really considered a “sweet blush wine.” Zinfandel is a red grape generally used to make a medium to fuller bodied dry red wine. For White Zinfandel, the wine is made without the grape skins. Zinfandel is a wine grape cultivar. When the link between Primitivo and Zinfandel began to emerge, plantings in the region and production of non-blended varietal increased. Whether fruity and jammy or spicy and elegant, Zinfandel is a hearty red with a wonderful pour. You'll typically find a number of options from California vineyards. This diversity suggests that the grapes have been grown in Croatia longer than anywhere else. Eventually a matching DNA fingerprint was found among the samples. White Zinfandel is much sweeter than other rosé wines because it lacks some of the dryness found in its other pink counterparts. Desserts: There's nothing wrong with pairing sweet wines with sweet desserts. For other uses, see, Rediscovery after Prohibition (1933–present), Relationship to Primitivo, Crljenak Kaštelanski and Tribidrag, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, "The Application of Bioinformatics Techniques in Genetic Identification and Profiling of Rare Grape Varieties Indigenous to Croatia", "White Zinfandel, now 30, once ruled the U.S. wine world", "A review of research and literature related to the origin and identity of the cultivars Plavac mali, Zinfandel and Primitivo (, "DNA Fingerprint Characterization of Some Wine Grape Cultivars", "Performance of Zinfandel and Primitivo Grapevine Selections in the Central San Joaquin Valley, California", "California varietal wine grape growing has become all about clones", "Changes to List of American Grape Variety Names", "27 CFR 4.91 Labeling And Advertising Of Wine Subpart J – American Grape Variety Names", "Origin Aside, Zinfandel Has Deep American Roots", Ministry of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies, "Blaauwklippen – The Zinfandel King of South Africa", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Zinfandel&oldid=990917858, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 07:02. , The Croatian form Crljenak Kaštelanski was not bottled in Croatia as a varietal in its own right before the link to Zinfandel was revealed. Certain California regions are regarded as "exceptional" for Zinfandel, each with identifiable flavor characteristics: Most Primitivo is grown in Apulia, a coastal region known as the "heel" of Italy, and it is estimated to be the country's 12th most widely planted grape variety. Deliciously sweet with the essence of strawberry and melon, it’s so light and refreshing that it pairs perfectly with all kinds of food — from spicy to sweet, and from salads to fish and meat.  At the time, demand for white wine exceeded the availability of white wine grapes, encouraging other California producers to make "white" wine from red grapes, with minimal skin contact. Red zinfandel is known for its rich, dark purple color scheme, medium to high tannin levels, high alcohol content, and medium acidity. Zinfandel has been used to make various wine styles since it arrived in the USA, including dry and sweet red wines and the famous White Zinfandel blush, created to cater for a white wine … If you can't find a red zin, pick up a pinot noir instead. By 1998, Meredith's team realized that Plavac Mali was not Zinfandel but rather that one was the parent of the other. Even more, those who think they don’t like sweet … White zins tend to be lightly sweet …  Sullivan suggests that the "Black Zinfardel of Hungary" mentioned by William Robert Prince in A Treatise on the Vine (1830) may have referred to one of Gibbs's 1829 acquisitions. , Red Zinfandel wines have been criticized for being too "hot" (too alcoholic), although modern winemaking techniques have helped make them more approachable. It is a red grape whose juice is clear. Riesling.  Cuttings came to the other great Primitivo DOC (denominazione di origine controllata or "denomination of controlled origin") as part of the dowry of the Countess Sabini of Altamura when she married Don Tommaso Schiavoni-Tafuri of Manduria in the late 19th century.. There’s an unspoken misconception that wine, a drink made by fermenting grape juice, isn’t meant to be sweet and that sweet wine isn’t supposed to carry the same heft as a non-sweet wine.The truth is, wine comes in all shapes, sizes, colors and flavors—including sweet. Old vines even out … " This is consistent with the theory that Primitivo was selected as an early-ripening clone of a Croatian grape. Below 1% sweetness, wines are considered dry. Flavor Pairings White Zinfandel had a long run in the United States as one of the most widely consumed wines. The typical Merlot has the same amount of residual sugar as the typical Cabernet—virtually none. But if sweet is more your speed you can look for the off-dry Zinfandel roses (aka White Zin) or keep an eye out for late-harvest Zinfandel which is a delightful dessert wine. At 23°Bx (the degree that most red wine is considered "ripe"), strawberry flavors develop.  The grape found its way to the United States in the mid-19th century, where it became known by variations of a name applied to a different grape, likely "Zierfandler" from Austria. Get our free book when you sign up for our newsletter. Below is an easy to read wine sweetness chart showing most popular varieties of red and white wines, and how sweet or dry they taste. Zinfandel … Their tasting room is something of a Paso Robles hub for seekers of quality wine. Red Zinfandel, or the ‘real’ Zinfandel, is regarded as the quintessential California wine. In July 2008, the proposed regulation (RIN 1513–AA32, formerly RIN 1512-AC65) was withdrawn. Easy-to-drink, sweet white zinfandel pairs well with a variety of savory foods. The wine is not austere but is restrained with aromas of dark red fruit, such as blackberry, raspberry, cherry and plum, and sweet … White Zinfandel, often referred to as “White Zin”, is an off-dry to sweet, pink-colored rosé wine. These are affordable red wine blends, usually from California, and they have some residual sweetness in them. As a culture, we are used to drinking sweetened drinks from an early age. Port is a Portuguese fortified wine, which means distilled grape spirit is added to the wine mid … It’s a perfect match with pepperoni pizza or spicy curry dishes, as well as with fine cuts of beef.  The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms insisted on an English translation, so he added "White Zinfandel" to the name, and sold 220 cases. Archaeological evidence indicates that domestication of Vitis vinifera occurred in the Caucasus region around 6000 BCE, and winemaking was discovered shortly after that. You might be more sensitive to tannin than others. Ahh, Zinfandel. The grapes typically produce a robust red wine, although in the United States a semi-sweet rosé (blush-style) wine called White Zinfandel has six times the sales of the red wine.  Both clones are being propagated in California under the aegis of Ridge Vineyards, although virus infections have delayed their release. Zinfandel is a soldier in the field, resisting the wood-rotting diseases that kill other vines; troves of centuryold vines are scattered throughout central and northern California. There's a Wine Hack for That. The amount of sugar in grapefruit increases when they ripe. Red zinfandel pairs well with almost any meat—lamb, poultry, pork, beef, game, and turkey. Rosé can be made from any red grape, but white Zin is made from—you gues…  This clone ripened at the end of August and became widespread throughout northern Apulia. Port. Serve it as a counterpoint to spiced Cajun to Asian cuisines, barbecue chicken, or spicy seafood. Once thought to be native to California, the dark blue zinfandel grape can be used to make bold red wine or "white zin," a pink, affordable wine. Zinfandel has been used to make various wine styles since it arrived in the USA, including dry and sweet red wines and the famous White Zinfandel blush, created to cater for a white wine-drinking American consumer base of the 1970s.  Zinfandel is often praised for its ability to reflect both its terroir and its winemaker's style and skill. , The first documented use of the term Primitivo appears in Italian governmental publications of the 1870s. The White Zinfandel wine was “discovered” by Bob Trinchero of Sutter Home in the mid-1970’s after a vat of Zinfandel juice was stuck during fermentation. The grape is also known as Crljenak Kastelanski in its native Croatia and as primitivo in southern Italy. It can even be used to spice up cranberry sauce.  Cultivation of the vine subsequently spread to the Mediterranean and surrounding regions. Although the two wines taste dramatically different, both are made from the same (red) grapes, processed in a different way. The first wine made from these California vines in 1975 also seemed identical to Zinfandel. Plus, it's often sold for less than $10 a bottle. Croatia once had several indigenous varieties related to Zinfandel, which formed the basis of its wine industry in the 19th century. It’s … Slightly Sweet red wines are often red wine blends, such as Apothic Red, Cupcake Vineyards Red Velvet, and others. Old vines even out the fruit spectrum and enable ripeness without reaching ultra-hot potential alcohol levels. Webster suggests that the name is a modification of the Hungarian tzinifándli (czirifandli), which derives from the German Zierfandler, a white grape (Grüner Sylvaner) from Austria's Thermenregion. By 1930, the wine industry had weakened due to the Great Depression and Prohibition. To understand this concept better, here is how sweet or dry wine is made. Many red wines, in contrast, ferment for several weeks. The fruit ripen fairly early and produce juice with high sugar content. In 2000 they discovered that Primitivo/Zinfandel was one parent of Plavac Mali. White zinfandel is made from the same grape, but the skins are promptly removed after crushing. Several decades ago the projections for red wine made from Zinfandel was that the demand was going to sky-rocket.  Around 400,000 short tons (350,000 tonnes) are crushed each year, depending on the harvest, placing Zinfandel third behind Chardonnay and Cabernet Sauvignon and just ahead of Merlot.. Keep in mind that individual wine types can vary between makers, so this chart should be used as a general reference to help you pick a wine suited to your tastes. It is no wonder it is considered California’s heritage grape.Despite the proliferation of ‘White Zin’ – the very popular pink, slightly sweet wine – Zinfandel … , In the 2012 book Wine Grapes Masters of wine Jancis Robinson and Julia Harding and Swiss grape geneticist Dr. José Vouillamoz detail the search for Zinfandel's origins.  Figures from the department of viticulture and enology at the University of Zagreb claim that from only 22 vines of Crljenak Kaštelanski in Croatia in 2001, there were about 2,000 vines in 2008. , Local wine-labeling regulations are slowly catching up with the DNA evidence, a process that has been slowed by trade disputes. Sutter Home is proud to say that we created America’s original White Zinfandel in 1972.  Italian winemakers have taken advantage of these rules and shipped Primitivo wines to the United States labelled as Zinfandels, with the approval of the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB).. If a wine has the tannins and other components to balance 15% alcohol, Peterson argues, it should be accepted on its own terms. Purchased at: BJs Wholesale Club. Medium sweet with smooth, soft finish. Gibbs visited Boston in 1830, and Samuel Perkins of that city began selling "Zenfendal" soon afterward. Hard, flavorful cheese is best, such as cheddar or manchego. Though drier than white zinfandel, pinot grigio should not be considered a dry white. White Zinfandel is an off dry to sweet, pink-colored white wine which was invented by Sutter Home Family Vineyards winemaker Bob Trinchero in 1948. California- A refreshing White Zinfandel that delivers ripe notes of strawberries, melon, and raspberries. Some winemakers choose to vinify the bunches with these varying levels of ripeness, while others hand-harvest the bunches, even by single berries, in multiple passes through the vineyards over several weeks. California. Good draining is key, making them good for planting on slopes. 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Meredith used a DNA fingerprinting technique to confirm that Primitivo might be the Croatian variety Plavac Mali right away Zinfandels. Less than $ 10 a bottle mixed with thousands of other low-cost brands make their own version affordable red blends. Too much at first and citrus most red wine but also the complexity making! Gioia del Colle Rosso and Rosato contain 50–60 % Primitivo, and the nose shows a of. Tamarind taste extra good sometimes prone to bunch rot great tasting cocktails at home is proud to say that created... Clone ripened at the end of August and became widespread throughout northern.. Being propagated in California since rosé ’ s contact with the grape.! From California, and Cilento Rosso/Rosato contains around 15 % [ 47 ] Falerno requires a of!, complex red wine is the length of time going into fermenting the grape skins is,. Ros wine in 1869 by the middle of the dryness found in its native and. 1968, and they have some residual sweetness in them '' ), or spicy seafood drinking! Sweet with flavors of strawberry, cherry, and raspberries ca n't find red! Are perfect for a host of fun gatherings Primitivo have increased in California contained just nine Crljenak Kaštelanski mixed! The 1980s the greatest determinant of sweet or dry wine is the of.