Jind Kaur was born in 1817 in the village of Chhahar, District Sialkot, Punjab, now in Pakistan (Singh, T, 1959). The wild-spending Maharajah had all the ingredients of a Victorian Prince, besides being a serial playboy, he was an avid shooting squire who knew how to throw a party. Maharaja Ranjit Singh was the founder of the Sikh Empire based in the Punjab region. She solicited subscriptions to the cause, and was photographed selling The Suffragette newspaper outside her home and from press carts. His form-master remarked ‘Edward has worked consistently well, he is a most satisfactory pupil’, while his school report for Christmas 1891, showed the young Prince achieving the top marks in classics and Latin, history and modern studies, and divinity in his form. But all his interests had to be put on hold, as he had to leave for India at his father’s persistence.  In December 1913, Singh was fined £12/10s for refusing to pay licence fees for two dogs, a carriage and a servant. He was born on September 6th, 1838 and died on October 22nd, 1893. These being just some of the many buildings he saved. Many were honoured in meeting the granddaughter of the great Ranjit Singh, and requested mementos to take back home, for which she obliged, handing out signed photographs of herself. Although Prince Edward showed some improvement, the doctors said there was no chance of him going to. children: Duleep Singh, Kharak Singh. [i] He was a doctor in the Indian Army, and he later became the principal at King Edwards Medical College, Lahore, from 1909 to 1921. The resident could not tolerate her pressure in Lahore.  On 13 December 1913 she and other WTRL members appeared in court and Singh was again accused of keeping dogs without a licence. Her health began to fail further after the death of her little sister but she kept herself going by keeping busy and moving from one of her homes to another. , In 1909 her brother bought Blo' Norton Hall in South Norfolk for himself and a house in Blo' Norton, Thatched Cottage, for his sisters. The staff would not look forward to her irregular visits. One such soldier of the ‘15th Sikhs’ was Kartar Singh, who wrote home to the Punjab from his sick bed at Milford-on-Sea in 1916, ‘My friend this is the photo of our king’s granddaughter – he who was King of the Sikhs, Ranjit Singh. In the 1934 edition of Who's Who, Singh described her life's purpose as "the advancement of women". For mathematics he was third, and his warden concluded ‘he is a hard worker and a most excellent boy’. "When we were children our English cooks at Elveden Hall were British spies who would put substances into our food so as to make us infertile." I am the Queen of the Punjab’. His eldest son, Prince Victor was born in London in 1866. One such soldier of the ‘15th Sikhs’ was Kartar Singh, who wrote home to the Punjab from his sick bed at Milford-on-Sea in 1916, ‘My friend this is the photo of our king’s granddaughter – he who was King of the Sikhs, Ranjit Singh. [iii], Princess Sophia joined the Suffragette movement and became a leading figure in the Women’s Social and Political Union (W.S.P.U. Mr Leon Castello, who appeared for the Princess said she very much regretted that she could not attend the court herself.  Bamba was the daughter of Ludwig Müller, a German merchant banker of Todd Müller and Company, and Sofia, his mistress, who was of Abyssinian descent. He died alone and in poverty in a hotel room in Paris in 1893. She was granted permission to come to England. Jind Kaur met a very different fate. Her mother, who was attending her, contracted the disease, fell into a coma, and died on 17 September 1887. He would fuss around her and doctor her on the slightest whim. This setback did not deter the young Ranjit Singh, who at the age of 14 years took part in his first battle.In 1799 with the help of Sada Kaur, Ranjit Singh took Lahore, the capital city of the province of Punjab, from its weak rulers Gujjar Singh, Lehna Singh and Sobha Singh. While in the country and travelling through small villages, Prince Frederick would visit local parishes and churches, strongly urging them to preserve their buildings. A wreath laying ceremony took place at the grave of Maharaja Duleep Singh in Elveden on the anniversary of his death. The first six children were from his first wife, Bamba Muller. The sisters conveniently named the cottage ‘Hampton House’ after Hampton Court Palace, which was located opposite the Princesses London home ‘Faraday House’. Maharani Bamba had died and it only seemed right that his relationship with Ada was made legal as they already had one child born out of marriage. One of Arthur Craigie's children was Sir Lancelot Oliphant, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Belgium and Director General of the Foreign Office. The Morning Post quoted Princess Irene as being ‘tired of life’ and a verdict of suicide was given. She took Princess Sophia’s ashes to India as per her sister’s last wish, for burial. Perhaps the most colourful character to stay was the last Maharaja of the Sikh Empire, Duleep Singh, who in 1858 took a long-term lease and started to develop the shooting. Of the Maharajah’s children from his second marriage, Princesses Irene and Pauline, very little is known about them as they led very isolated lives. On the morning of the 1 August 1863, Maharani Jind Kaur passed away peacefully, her estate on her death valued at a mere £12,000 (Probate Registry) Her body was temporarily housed at London’s Kensal Green Cemetery, and in the Spring of 1864, Duleep Singh left for India and arranged for the cremation of her body.  She espoused causes of equality and justice far removed from her royal background, and played a significant role at a crucial point in the history of England and India. The Princess had asked him to protest on her behalf against the injustice of making women, who had no voice in the management of the country, liable to taxation. After a series of strokes, Maharajah Ranjit Singh was pronounced dead on the 27 June 1839. Her title, Princess, was useful. In 1956 she unexpectedly visited the Guildhall.  That July a bailiff went to Singh's house to collect an unpaid fine of 14 shillings, which she refused to pay.  In 1930, Sophia was President of the Committee tasked with providing flower decorations at the unveiling of the Emmeline and Christabel Pankhurst Memorial in Victoria Tower Gardens. Prince Albert Edward Duleep Singh 1. He died on October 22, 1893, Paris, France. , At first, Singh kept a low profile; in 1911 she was reluctant to make speeches in public or at Women's Social and Political Union meetings. 1 Lancaster Gate (Now No.23). Her Majesty Queen Victoria showered affection upon the turbaned Maharajah, as did the Prince Consort. , Bamba Duleep Singh, Sophia's oldest sister, married Dr Colonel Sutherland, principal of King Edward's Medical College in Lahore. In 1906 Prince Frederick rented the lavish Blo Norton Hall, and around the same period he purchased the ‘Thatched Cottage’ in Blo Norton, for his sisters. It was during Princess Sophia’s illness in September 1887 that her mother, Maharani Bamba, passed away. The frail Maharani had spent all night praying beside her little girl and fell in to a coma herself and died the following morning. , Singh eventually received a place of honour in the suffragette movement alongside Emmeline Pankhurst. ), fighting for the right for women to vote in Britain. On the 26 December 1887 Maharani Ada gave birth out of wedlock to a baby girl. Gul Begam survived Maharaja and was awarded an annual pension of Rs 12,380 by the British. The incident became known as Black Friday. By the 1950’s the rooms where the paintings were displayed were being used for public functions, dances, and other events, and were not very safe there. on the 24 April. On returning to England, one of the first people to see the new Maharani of Lahore was Mrs Leven, wife of the Earl of Leven. Even Queen Victoria attempted her art skills by drawing sketches and watercolours of the handsome Sikh king in her sketchpad. Queen Victoria was godmother to their eldest son. She valued her Indian heritage, but was not bound by allegiance to a single nation and supported the women's cause in a number of countries. Before leaving he gave Prince Edward a piece of paper on which he wrote: ‘The Lord is my shepherd’. The Maharajah’s second daughter was born on the 27 October 1871, and was named Catherine Hilda Duleep Singh. He and his mother were recalled to Lahore in 1843 after the assassinations of Maharaja Sher Singh and Dhian Singh, and on 16 September, at the age of five, Duleep Singh was proclaimed Maharaja of the Sikh Empire, with … In Germany, Nazism was on the increase, and war was just around the corner. The following year Prince Victor joined the Royal Military Academy, getting a special cadet-ship. [ii] Sandhawalia Family Papers, Letter from K Baksh to Pritam Singh, dated 18 November 1942, [iii] Faraday House at Hampton Court was given back to the Crown Estate Commissioners in 1955, [iv] Sandhawalia Family Papers, Letter from Princess Bamba to Pritam Singh, no date, [vii] The Journal newspaper, ‘Temple in the Woods’, 18 October 1968, [viii] Karl Wilhelm Alexander Muller (1899-1999), [x] Ellis Clarke, Thetford Town Clerk 1950-74. After settling down in the confines of their lavish Elveden estate, Duleep Singh and Maharani Bamba decided to try for a child again. Prince Frederick was born on the 23 January 1868, at Rutland Gate, Knightsbridge. , Singh authorised an auction of her belongings, with proceeds benefiting the Women's Tax Resistance League. The Maharajah made his emotional trip back to the shores of, . The chairman said that they had nothing to do with that, and the bench decided to fine the Princess, £1 for not taking out dog licences, £1 for keeping a non-licensed male servant, and £1 for keeping an unlicensed carriage. He now controlled the capital and this was the start of his legendary journey to conquer the entire Punjab. The staff would not look forward to her irregular visits. As a young man Prince Victor Duleep Singh studied in Eton[i] before beginning his higher education at Cambridge University where he met his first and true love, Lady Anne Blanche Alice of Coventry, his good friend George’s sister. After the First Sikh War she had lost complete power, as a Council of Regency was set up under the British Resident, Henry Lawrence, who found the Maharani’s attitude rebellious and threatening to the British Empire, and ordered her to the Summan Tower of the Lahore Fort. In 1942 the tragic news of Princess Catherine’s death arrived. [i] At Eton there is a small garden dedicated to the memory of Prince Victor Duleep Singh, [ii] Singh, Maharajah Duleep Singh Correspondence, p. 301. Princess Bamba was not amused. ‘The Diwali festival was yesterday; there were illuminations at the Golden Temple and at the Tank. The Princess spent most of her life in Europe, shared between her family in Switzerland and the company of Lina Schafer in Kassel. She called for an enquiry and appealed for justice, including the separation of her nine year old son Duleep Singh from her, and the non-payment of her allowance of one and a half lakh rupees as laid down in the Treaty of Bhyrowal (1846). The local Nazis disapproved of the old Indian lady. [ii]On his relieved journey back to England in 1886, the children settled at their London residence at Holland Park with their mother, Maharani Bamba. Sophia's mother was Bamba Müller, and her godmother was Queen Victoria. In 1906 Prince Frederick rented the lavish Blo Norton Hall, and around the same period he purchased the ‘Thatched Cottage’ in Blo Norton, for his sisters. During the First World War, Princess Sophia organised patriotic flag days for Punjabi troops of the Indian Army. After her husband David Sutherland’s death some years earlier, and her sister Princess Sophia’s death in 1948, Princess Bamba became very lonesome. 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